Forestneeds

Eucalypts

This page will start off dealing primarily with the so-called ‘durable’ timber species for humid warm temperate to sub-tropical climates. The emphasis is on high quality solid timber. Pulp growing isn’t part of my equation; though honey, biofuels, oils, pharmaceuticals, and other chemicals do get a look in.

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Market Factors

Overseas experience in moving from low grade to high grade Rob Smith AFG Winter 2001 v24 #2 Wood Properties Processing

http://www.afg.asn.au/resources/pdfs/Grower/Grow%2024,2/Grower24,2%20Wint%2001%20p20-29.pdf
PAL’s Tree Recycling Yard http://www.clubphoto.com/_cgi-bin/app.pl/albums/large_image_view?id=1116845&link_code=sa01_17Appendix 7:

photographs showing value adding of young regrowth and plantation hardwoods http://www.privateforestry.org.au/appendix7.pdf

Australian Hardwood Drying Best Practice Manual http://oak.arch.utas.edu.au/tbia/view_article.asp?articleID=318http://oak.arch.utas.edu.au/eucalypt/publications/Best%20Practice%20Drying%20Part%201.pdf

Wood Science and Technology
Publisher: Springer Berlin / Heidelberg
ISSN: 0043-7719 (Paper) 1432-5225 (Online)
DOI: 10.1007/BF00376193
Issue: Volume 21, Number 2
Date: June 1987
Pages: 131 – 138
Towards defining a wood quality index for the eucalypts: the R-ratio

S. C. Chafe1
http://www.springerlink.com/index/QM50426464430M3W.pdf\


Oils

Western Oil Mallee Project
http://techdev.freeyellow.com/womp.html

Eucalyptus Oils
Broadcast Sunday 17 August1997
http://www.abc.net.au/rn/science/ockham/stories/s235.htm

factsheet 30/2000
http://agspsrv38.agric.wa.gov.au/pls/portal30/docs/FOLDER/IKMP/LWE/VEGT/TREES/FS03000.PDF

Flavours and fragances of plant origin
cptr5 euc oils
http://www.fao.org/docrep/V5350E/V5350e07.htm

http://www.oilmallee.com.au/eucalyptusoil.html

http://www.oilmallee.com.au/activatedcarbon.html

Eucalyptus oil – Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information
http://www.pesticideinfo.org/Detail_Chemical.jsp?Rec_Id=PC50

A Eucalyptus Oil and Cineole Website!
http://www.mallee.com/eucoil.html
and other substances:

The preparation of mescaline from eucalypt lignin
http://www.rhodium.ws/chemistry/mescalyptus.html

Durable eucalypt timber for vineyard posts. Clrs Maher/O’Sullivan:. That the request for funding from Paul Millen (Vineyard Timbers Ltd) for up to $10000 per year over 3 years for
http://www.marlborough.govt.nz/content/docs/democracy/SPCouncil-mi-2005-06-17th.pdf
http://www.marlborough.govt.nz/content/docs/democracy/Council-mi-2005-06-07th&08th.pdf

Timber Building in Australia
oderately durable (Class 3). availability as species .. Eucalyptus macrorhyncha. other common name. colour, Pale reddish brown. use. workability. durability, M.
oak.arch.utas.edu.au/tbia/tech_species_info.asp?speciesID=4951

Woodwook.co.uk The timber reference resource


http://www.woodbook.co.uk/Q%20-%20S.htm
[PDF] GROW NATURALLY DURABLE EUCALYPT TIMBER for VINEYARD POSTS
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat – View as HTML
Eucalyptus bosistoana Coastal Grey Box. Ground Durability Classification 1 … Durability is also influenced by the size or diameter of the post ie the …
http://www.southernwoods.co.nz/News/VT.pdf

Preserving round posts on the farm – Treenote no. 8 – Department …
Protection of the sapwood also makes a post stronger, as sapwood contributes over half its strength. Most eucalypt species are suitable for preservative …
http://www.agric.wa.gov.au/pls/portal30/docs/FOLDER/IKMP/LWE/VEGT/TREES/TREENOTE8.HTM

CSIRO – Vineyard post an environmental winner
Posts made from plantation eucalypt irrigated with wastewater have been successfully … Dr Cookson says PEC meets Australian standards for wood durability, …
http://www.csiro.au/files/mediaRelease/mr2001/Prtrellis.htm – 9k

The In-ground Natural Durability of Australian Timbers

http://http://www.fwprdc.org.au/content/pdfs/PN04.1004.pdf

The Medicinal Properties and Bush Foods of Eucalypts
Christine A. Jones
http://farrer.riv.csu.edu.au/ASGAP/APOL9/mar98-2.html

The tree’s lifestyle; and how it relates to other forest dwellers

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EnvironmentHenderson L E 2000 Soil Landscapes of the Dungog 1:100 000 sheet,Department of land & Water conservation Sydney

A Review of literature on ironbark ridges and associated landsBarry craze and jim Salmon 2004Department of Infrastructure Planning and Natural resources

Heartlands Low to Medium rainfall Farm ForestryRandall Falkiner, Tivi Theiveyanathan, Nico Marcar, Brian Meyers, Leroy Stewart June 2004 Publication HL 10-04, Technical Report # 1332 http://www.clw.csiro.au/heartlands

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Chinchilla white gum
David Allworth July 2000
Greening Australia

Species profile Western White Gum [Eucalyptus argophloia]
David Lee, Simon Lawson, geoff Dickinson & Susan House
QDPIF August 2005

Blue mountains draft local environment plan 2002 schedule 5 significant vegetation communities

Physiology

P4.06- Allocation of resources to photosynthesis and defence in cyanogenic Eucalyptus cladocalyx grown at different nitrogen supplies
R M Gleadow and I E Woodrow
Abstracts – Plant and plant cell topics York Meeting 1998 page 28

Ecology

Pests

Fungal threat to eucalypt forests
http://www.csiro.au/index.asp?type=mediaRelease&id=Preucrust

Nutrition

Soft Wood Ash CaO 41.100, K2O 10.960, MgO 8.210, Na20 0.770, P2O5 4.670, SiO2 2.000, Fe2O3 0.070, MnO 2.540, LOI 23.000 , SO3 6.690

Eucalyptus Ash CaO 20.260, K2O 10.330, MgO 11.940, Na2O 10.830, Al2O3 2.210, P2O5 3.500 MnO 0.510, SO3 4.110

Eucalyptus camaldulensis ash SiO2 30.85, Al2O3 3.34, Fe2O3 2.74,
MgO 3.62
CaO 19.18
Na2O 11.68
K2O 9.14
MnO 1.21
P2O5 14.04
SO3 3.77
Cl 0.46

Boron and drought in Norway spruce
Tarja Lehto, PhD, Docent (Lecturer, project leader)
Pedro J. Aphalo, PhD, (Senior researcher)
Heljä-Sisko Helmisaari, MMT (Senior researcher)
Marjoriitta Möttönen, MMM (PhD student)
Mikko Räisänen, Mr. (MSc student)

A UTILIZAÇÃO DE BORO EM FLORESTAS PLANTADAS
Edson A Balloni
http://www.ipef.br/publicacoes/ctecnica/nr070.pdf

Gum Trees from Metamorphic Rock
Borax Pioneer #8 1995
http://www.borax.com/pioneer15.html
give some recommendations for various eucs

http://employees.csbsju.edu/ssaupe/biol327/Lecture/cell-wall.htm
http://www.al-labs-can.com/tech_BoronNutrient.html
http://www.uea.ac.uk/cap/carbohydrate/projects/RGII.htm
http://cell.ccrc.uga.edu/~mao/intro/ouline.htm
are some general notes on B.

Whanau

What’s a Corymbia?
A New Name for the Bloodwood
and Ghost Gum Eucalypts
Andrew Lyne
5 August 1996
http://www.anbg.gov.au/projects/eucalypts/corymbia.html

Australian Plant Image Index
Australian National Botanic Gardens
Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
http://www.anbg.gov.au/images/photo_cd/index.html

Direct sowing

Silvaculture

on e paniculata & bauxsol
http://www.dep.state.pa.us/…/nc/I_99/Reports_Documentation/Growth%20Media%20Pot%20Trial,%20Mt.%20Carrington.pdf

List of Greening Australia species trials

Eucalypt Plantations: Improving Fibre Yield and Quality”
http://www.forestry.crc.org.au/iufro95.htm
Remediation & revegetation of acidic metal contaminated waste rock & tailings using Biosolids Greg Maddoks & Jerome K Vanclay

Establishment of a E muelleriana thinng and fertiliser trial at Alberton West, Victoria. Clinton Tapper (pdf)

Proceedings of a workshop on Eucalyptus in California June 14 to 16 1983 Sacremento California

The effects of fertilising on thefoliar nutrient concentrations in Eucalyptus grandis

A G Schonau

Schonau and Herbert 1989: Fertilising eucalypts and plantation … Forest Ecology and Management # 29 221 -244

The jack Mitchell forest farming system

http://forestfreedom.org/cogf4/plantations.html

Harvesting& log handling
Milling& Drying

arjournals.annualreviews.org/doi/pdf/10.1146/annurev.py.04.090166.001051

Tree species for hardwood plantations
Queensland DPIF 2005

A bibliography of plantation hardwood and farm forestry silviculture research in Ausralia by Rosemary Lott oct 2001
RIRDC pub#01/101 project# DAQ-222A

Maitland city council greening plan
http://www.rirdc.gov.au/comp01/aft2.html

http://www.fpl.fs.fed.us/documnts/pdf2004/fpl_2004_arango001.pdf

http://www.fpl.fs.fed.us/documnts/pdf2002/green02a.pdf

http://www.timber.org.au/resources/Environment.pdf

Tree species for hardwood plantations
Queensland DPIF 2005

Heartlands Low to Medium rainfall Farm Forestry
Randall Falkiner, Tivi Theiveyanathan, Nico Marcar, Brian Meyers, Leroy Stewart
June 2004 Publication HL 10-04, Technical Report # 1332

http://www.clw.csiro.au/heartlands

Chinchilla white gum
David Allworth July 2000
Greening Australia

List of Greening Australia species trials

Species profile Western White Gum [Eucalyptus argophloia]
David Lee, Simon Lawson, geoff Dickinson & Susan House
QDPIF August 2005

Henderson L E 2000 Soil Landscapes of the Dungog 1:100 000 sheet,
Department of land & Water conservation Sydney

A Review of literature on ironbark ridges and associated lands
Barry craze and jim Salmon 2004
Department of Infrastructure Planning and Natural resources

Blue mountains draft local environment plan 2002 schedule 5 significant vegetation communities

A bibliography of plantation hardwood and farm forestry silviculture research in Ausralia by Rosemary lott oct 2001
RIRDC pub#01/101 project# DAQ-222A

Remediation & revegetation of acidic metal contaminated waste rock & tailings using Biosolids Greg Maddoks & Jerome K Vanclay

Maitland city council greening plan

Eucalypt Plantations for Solid Wood products in Australia – A Review 2002
G Nolan, R Washusen, S Jennings, B Greaves, M Parsons Project# PN04.3002
http://www.fwprdc.org.au

WEB_ BASED EUCALYPT MANUALS:

Manual tecnico de se;vicultura de eucalipto [Agrobyte]
http://agrobyte.lugo.usc.es/agrobyte/publicaciones/eucalipto/indice.html

Establecimiento de Plantaciones Forestales eucalyptus
Edison Garcia R; Alvaro Sotomayor; Sandra Silva P; Gerardo Valdebenito

Gains from planting eucalypts and acacias together
Good prospects for drier-country

ON EUCALYPTUS CLADOCALYX:

Factors affecting the growth and health of eucalyptus plantings in the Wimmera
Carolien Schoenborn, Nick Collett, and Peter Hopmans
Agricultural notes May 2003 AG 1103
State of Victoria Department of Primary industries
http://www.nre,vic.gov.au/forestry/private

Tree improvement for low rainfall farm forestry in southern Australia
T Vercoe,RJ Arnold, and D Bush
In Seed Management and Propagation

Locals stand tall in South Australian trials Dave Carr
Learning from frost and possums Rob Downie
Impressive results in the Mallee given dry conditions Ron Dodds and Jim Robinson
Identifying pest resistant eucalypts Roslyn Prinsley
In Australian Forest Grower spring 2002 volume 25 #3

Using agroforests to control salinity in northern NSW Shane Andrew
AFG Autumn 2002 v25#1 p24 Growth rates, average, highest cm/yr, diameter in cm/yr
E sideroxylon 85, 213 1.6 , 3.3
E cladocalyx 72, 187 0.5, 1.1
E maculata/citiodora 71, 205 1.6, 4.4
Ramping up $ugar gum returns to growers Andrew Lang

Time for a change to Murray Teak Neville Bonney [provenances]
AFG Winter 2001 v24 #2

Fast tracking high-grade sawlogs via wide spacing Richard Moore
AFG Winter 2002v25#2 p20

Good range of species showing potential in north western NSW Dave Carr
AFG Autumn 2003 v26#1 p 31 E melanophlioa,Ealbens from Wllwnngra 40km nth of Inverell; E sideroxylon from Narrabri

http://www.afg.asn.au

Insects, Diseases and Deficiencies Associated with Eucaypts in South Australia
Chalma Phillips $27.50 from ForestrySA or 08 8724 2888

Foliar chemistry of tallowwood – patterns for anti-herbivore defence in a Eucalyptus species
Ben D Moore, Ian R Wallis and William J Foley

Tree use by koalas in a chemically complex landscape
Ben D Moore and William J Foley
Letters in: nature vol 435| 26 May 2005 doi10.1038/nature03551

Analise Foliar em Cinco Especies de Eucaliptos
Henrique Paulo Haag, Jose Renato Sarruge, Gilberto Diniz de Oliveira, Fabio Poggiani, and Carlos Alberto Ferreira
IPEF, n13 p 99 – 116, 1976

Roslyn M Gleadow (1999) Resource Allocation in Cyanogenic Eucalyptus cladocalyx
PhD thesis. School of Botany, the University of Melbourne, Australia. Chapters 1 to 6, references and appendix

Temporal and special variation in cyanogenic glycosides in Eucalyptus cladocalyx
Roslyn M Gleadow and Ian E Woodrow
Tree Physiology 20, 591 – 598, 2000

Foliar nutrition, site quality, and temperature influences foliar chemistry of tallowwood (Eucalyptus microcorys)
Ben D Moore, Ian R Wallis, Jeff T Wood and William J Foley
Ecological Monographs 74(4) 2004 pp 553 – 568

Antiherbivore Chemistry of Eucalyptus – Clues and Deterrrants for Marsupial Folivores
Ben D Moore, Ian R Wallis, Jesus Pala-Paul, Joseph J Brophy, Richard H Willis and William J Foley Journal of Chemical Ecology v30(9) sep 2004

Distribution of foliar formylated phloroglucinol derivatives amongst Eucalyptus species
B M Eschler D M Pass R Willis W J Foley

Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 28 (2000) 813 – 824
http://www.elsevier.com/locate/biochemsyseco

Jensenone: Biological Reactivity of a Marsupial Antifeedant from Eucalyptus
Stuart McLean, Sue Brandon, Noel W Davies, William J Foley and D Konrad Muller
Journal of chemical Ecology V30(1) jan 2004 19 – 36

Rethinking the role of many plant phenolics – protection from photodamage not herbivores? Dugald C Close and Clare McArthur
OIKOS 99:166 – 172 2002

Are Your Trees Hurt & Hungry?
Charles Hajek
Victoria Department of Primary Industries

Composition of Preferred and Rejected Eucalyptus Browse Offered to Captive Koalas, Phascolaratos cinereus (Marsupialia)
D E Ullrey, P T Robinson and P A Whetter
Australian Journal of Zoology 29(6) 839 – 846

Paul Barber project manager ARC tuart Eucalyptus gomphocephala) decline project

Improved Species Climate Profile. A report for the RIRDC/LWA/FWPRDC/MDBC Joint Venture Agroforestry program
Tom Jovanovic and Trevor H Booth July 2002 RIRDC Pub# 02/095 Project # CSF-56A

List of greening Australia species trials

On-farm research for farm forestry – simple methods to obtain quality information
David Carr Greening Australia 2002

Ash analysis question, eucalyptus (camaldulensis)

Timber Manual Datafile P1 Australia National Association of Forest Industries
Timber Species and properties Revised Edition 2004
http://www.timber.org.au/TimberManual/ProductsPropertiesandPerformance.htm

Australian Hardwood Drying Best Practice Manual Part2 Project# PN01.1307
Researcher Gregory Nolan, Trevor Innes, Adam Redman, & Rob McGiven 2003
http://www.fwprdc.org.au

\
RIRDC Project No.: CSF-61A Finish Date: 30/11/05 Researcher: Dr. Laurie Cookson
This project will determine the natural durability of timber produced from sugar gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx), spotted gum (Corymbia maculata), red ironbark (E. sideroxylon), yellow gum (E. leucoxylon) and swamp yate (E. occidentalis) for three age groups (10-25 years, 30-50 years and 80+ years)

The potential of bioactive constituents of Eucalyptus foliage as non-wood products from plantations William Foley and Erich Lassak Nov 2004 RIRDC Publication# 04/154
RIRDC Project# ANU-56A

http://www.greeningaustralia.org.au/GA/NAT/TipsAndTools/exchange/Publications+Library/Technical+Library/FFSTechnical/FFStrials/FFStrialslist.htm

http://www.greeningaustralia.org.au/NR/rdonlyres/3B7A3F0C-1E72-41AD-A08E-79600FE4381D/861/Onfarmreseachfiel3B6EA.pdf

http://www.rirdc.gov.au/reports/AFT/01-100.pdf

http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/Euclid/sample/html/roughbark.htm
http://www.biology.iastate.edu/intop/1Australia/Australia%20papers/Div%20and%20Dist%20Eucalyptus
http://www.ffp.csiro.au/nfm/mdp/bbproj/eucs.htm
http://www.ffp.csiro.au/nfm/mdp/bbproj/eucalypt.htm
http://www.ftaust.com.au/techspec.htm
http://www.ftaust.com.au/about.htm

http://www.privateforestry.org.au/private_nat_for_res_ntnsw8.htm

La Secoya
http://www.infor.cl/webinfor/pw-secoya/secoya.htm

Manual técnico de selvicultura del
EUCALIPTO
http://agrobyte.lugo.usc.es/agrobyte/publicaciones/eucalipto/indice.html

http://www.forestalnet.com/manuales.html

Costo de implementacion de un lindero de eucalipto (eucalyptus deglupta) en la Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias Universidad de Panama. 1999
http://www.monografiass.com/monografiass/EpyFVZVluyBDdPJeZn.php

Synopsis of talks given at the
F. J. C. Rogers Memorial
Eucalyptus Weekend,
The Points Reserve, Coleraine, 5 & 6 September 1998.
http://www.standard.net.au/~sparrows/sgap/sgap7.html

Floral resource database for the NSW apiart industry
Doug Somerville 2000
http://www.rirdc.gov.au/reports/HBE/99-174.pdf

The forest flora of new south wales
Vol3 parts 21 30
Maiden J
http://setis.library.usyd.edu.au/ozlist/pdf/p00108v3.pdf

World Eucalypt Breeding Site
http://www.csir.co.za/plsql/ptl0002/PTL0002_PGE100_LOOSE_CONTENT?LOOSE_PAGE_NO=7009829
Eucalypt Hybrids
They featured eucalypt species such as Yellow Box, Grey Box and White Box with an … but nothing can replace hardwood’s durability and termite resistance. …
www4.tpg.com.au/users/bangel/eucalypts/

Shining gum for farm forestry
http://www.dpi.vic.gov.au/dpi/nreninf.nsf/childdocs/-1C62D26CD3AF6FE44A2568B300051289-0A38C6F4DA19A236CA256BC800..

Timber Building in Australia
Eucalyptus macrorhyncha.
oak.arch.utas.edu.au/tbia/tech_species_info.asp?speciesID=49515

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1 Comment »

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